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Securing local drive access in an End User Computing environment is essential to ensure that your users do not gain access to applications and tools that they are not entitled to. The purpose of this article is to show you how to lock down that access so that you can be sure your endpoints are secure.
I will cover the following configuration changes to ensure the local drives are locked down as well as possible
Standard Drive Lockdown
This is fairly simple and a quick one to implement – its a simple GPO settings that im sure most of you already have in play today.
Go ahead and create a new Group Policy Object and link it to your VDA’s. First thing you are going to want to do is disable this applying to the “VDA Administrators” Group as you will want to be able to access the local drives as an admin.
Click on the GPO -> Delegation then click the Advanced button. Add your VDA Admin group in there and select “Deny” to apply the group policy. Thats it – this will not apply to your Administrators now.
Next open up the new GPO and go to User Configuration -> Policies -> Administrative Templates -> WIndows Components -> File Explorer. Open up the setting for “Hide these specified drives in My Compoter” and Enable that setting with the specific drives
Click on OK then open up the setting “Prevent access to drives from My Computer”, enable that and set the same drives as you did in the previous setting
Thats it! Stage one is done – simple right? Be assured though that we still have a long way to go.
Jump onto a VDA and refresh group policy using gpupdate /force and check that the drives have been disabled.
NOTE: If this policy is not working as expected make sure you have Loopback processing turned on for the OU that the VDA’s reside in.
As you can see here – no local drives. Happy days. However, in the address bar type in \\localhost\c$ and see what it does…
UNC Paths and the Pitfalls
There it is – your back into the C Drive. So not we need to go about locking this down and closing it out for the users.
Open up your GPO and go to User Configuration -> Policies -> Administrative Templates -> Start Menu and Taskbar. Then open up the “Remove Run menu from Start Menu” setting and enable it
Log out and back into your VDA to apply the policy and retest getting to \\localhost\c$
There you go – another door closed. However, this is a pretty brutal way of doing this as there are legitimate business reasons you would want to enable UNC paths, for example, what if you want to allow access to a “real” network path via the explorer menu bar?
Thats also disabled and this is a pretty poor user experience. So this is the pitfall in my opinion of enabling this setting. Go ahead and set that back to “Not Configured” and we can try to approach this a different way
Loopback Execute Rights
Lets approach this a different way. Open up the GPO and go to Computer Configuration -> Policies -> Windows Settings -> Security Settings -> Application Control Policies -> Applocker -> Executable Rules.
Make sure you have created the default rules to allow Windows to operate then right click and create a new rule. Click next and select “Deny” for everyone
Click next and select “Path
Click next again and in the path put \\localhost\*
Click on Create.
Then do exactly the same again but instead of localhost for the path enter \\127.0.0.1\*
Once done you should have 2 new rules created in your GPO to Deny access to applications launched from the localhost and loopback addresses
So lets test it out. Jump back onto your VDA and update the group policy. Open up explorer and get to the loopback address for localhost and try to start an application up
As you can see the ability to run applications from the localhost locally has been disabled, lets try this using the loopback address to make sure that this is also disabled as expected
Perfect – so your users can now no longer run applications if they use localhost or loopback. Lets just make sure that UNC paths still work for valid network shared via explorer
Great – so we now have the drives locked and also the loopback addresses locked down.
Why on earth am I writing about Google Chrome in an article that deals with Local Drive Access?
Well, one of the first things that “Ethical Hackers” will do is open up Google Chrome and type in C: in the address bar
There you have it – all that good work undone in 2 seconds with Chrome.
Open up your GPO and make sure you have added the Google Chrome ADMX templates. Navigate to Computer Configuration -> Policies -> Administrative Templates -> Google Chrome and open up the setting “Block access to a list of URL’s”. Enable that and click the “Show” button to add the URL’s
Add the URL (copied directly from Chrome in your VDA) to the list and be sure to add any others you want to restrict access to
OK and apply that and then test again by logging out and back into your VDA
Excellent – thats closed. Now lets try to localhost and loopback and make sure you cant get to then via Chrome
Damn, same problem as before. Open up your GPO and add the Chrome Loopback into the URL restriction list
Then jump back onto the VDA, refresh GPO and retest
OK, so its not worked. Looking in the registry you can see that the policy has applied to the VDA
In short, this was something that I could not block using the Chrome URL Blacklist. I am not sure why its not working as local drives work fine but the loopback address and localhost would always allow be to get to the local drives.
Time for another approach!
So, the reason for logged in users being able to access loopback and localhost is that the administrative shares default behavoir was changed when moving from Windows Server 2003 to 2008. The change that was made was to allow the “Active Logon Account” access to all the administrative shares.
This is what is causing us our issues as any user on the VDA is essentially an “Active Logged On User” and can therefore access all the admin shares. Not good for us!
There is a fix for this detailed below….but first…
Please TEST this in development FIRST as this may effect some of your admin tools accessing the VDA. I have not personally seen anything break when applying this but TEST before you put it into production. I don’t accept responsibility etc etcDave Brett – Disclaimer
So, the fix is easy, just import the below resigtry key or deliver it to your VDA’s via GPO and restart
NOTE: This does require a reboot so if you are using non-persistent devices you will need this in your master image.
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\lanmanserver\DefaultSecurity] "SrvsvcShareAdminConnect"=hex:01,00,04,80,64,00,00,00,70,00,00,00,00,00,00 00,\ 14,00,00,00,02,00,50,00,03,00,00,00,00,00,18,00,03,00,0f,00,01,02,00,00,00\ 00,00,05,20,00,00,00,20,02,00,00,00,00,18,00,03,00,0f,00,01,02,00,00,00,00\ 00,05,20,00,00,00,25,02,00,00,00,00,18,00,03,00,0f,00,01,02,00,00,00,00,00\ 05,20,00,00,00,27,02,00,00,01,01,00,00,00,00,00,05,12,00,00,00,01,01,00,00\ 00,00,00,05,12,00,00,00
Once the VDA has booted log back in and test getting to your loopback address using Chrome
You can also test with \\localhost
What you will also notice is that if you try to access the loopback address now as a normal user you will be prompted for admin credentials, so another win there.
So there you have it, my take on how to lock down local drive access in your EUC estate.
Hope some of you found this useful.